"After three years of negotiations, an agreement has been reached between the European Union and the United Kingdom that will see the free movement of goods, people capital and services cease."
This means that the UK has become a third country for EU countries. As a consequence, a customs border in the form of controls, customs clearance and duties will be in force.
In the first stage, which is effective from 1 January 2021, customs control will apply to excise goods, veterinary and phytosanitary control will be introduced. In the second stage, from 1 April 2021, goods of animal and plant origin will have to be declared for customs clearance. The final stage on 1 July 2021 will introduce security declarations and full customs and duty declarations. This stage will result in full customs control of all goods.
25% of land trade between the European Union and the United Kingdom is carried out by Polish transport companies. The disruption Brexit has caused Polish hauliers to look for alternative transport routes. Today, it is not yet known exactly what impact Brexit will have on road transport in the coming months.
The biggest points of contention before Brexit were the issues of carrying out transports between foreign countries and cabotage within the European Union and Great Britain as well as the documentation issues. Another problem was the lack of infrastructure on both sides of the border for customs clearance and parking of trucks. Fortunately, the companies organising transport across the border, Eurotunnel and the largest ferry operator P&O Ferries, have already introduced procedures to ensure the smooth passage of vehicles.
Finally, mutual unconditional access to each other's internal markets for heavy goods vehicles has been negotiated. It is already known that there will be no return to the system of years ago based on authorisations obtained in the framework of the European Conference of Ministers of Transport, a Community licence and a corresponding British document will suffice. The aim of the British is to ensure the provision of services by transport operators without restrictions, permits or limitations.